French Environment and Energy Management Agency
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Facts and figures
849 million tons of waste were produced in 2004
The annual quantity of waste produced by the household decreases since 2002: it was reduced by 6 kg / hab. / year over the period 2002-2004.
Since 1993, the number of treatment plants decreases. The environmental requirement and the technical and-economical constraints had the effect of increasing the capacity of a reduced number of equipments. For example, at the early 1997, there were in France 300 incinerators. They are only 134 today, to witch are added 312 storage installations.
Concerning the park of waste collection sites, it includes at the moment 3 454 equipments.
In addition to the domestic packaging industry branch, various industrial sectors of waste collection or treatment are setting up as well.
Yearly, the waste stream of electric and electronic equipments is about 1,7 million tons (all, household and professional, taken into account).
The annual number of out-of-service vehicles - particular or utilitarian is estimated at 1,3 millions in France.
In 2004, more than 340 000 tons of tyres were launched on the national market while 308 000 tons were eliminated (the equivalent of 90 % of the launch on the market).
Still in 2004, 874 million batteries and 78 million accumulators were launched on the French market. It represent a total of 195 800 tons. This same year, 195 000 tons of batteries and electrical accumulators were collected and more than 196 600 tons were recycled.
Lastly, in metropolitan France, about 242 000 tons of waste oils were collected during the year 2004, that is the equivalent of 85 % of launches on the market.
According to the IFEN, in 2004, the players in France’s economic sector spent more than 11 billion euros on waste management, that is an increase of nearly 5 % compared to 2003.
This increase is bound partially to the increase of the investments in the sector (1,6 billion euros in 2004), specially to bring the refuse incinerators into compliance.
The everyday expense (9,5 billion euros) is financed at 59 % (that is 5,2 billion euros) by the households and the different levels of local authorities.
The tax (TEOM) or fee (REOM in France) paid for the collection and treatment of household waste cover 86 % of this cost. With a total of 3,8 billion euros in 2004, the TEOM seems to stay the privileged form to finance this service.